- Steven Pinker on What I Call Interobjectivity (video link and mp3 file) on
- How Concepts Versus Instances Separate Free and Unfree Minds, aka Human Nature and Healthy vs. Unhealthy Culture on
- How Concepts Versus Instances Separate Free and Unfree Minds, aka Human Nature and Healthy vs. Unhealthy Culture on
- How Concepts Versus Instances Separate Free and Unfree Minds, aka Human Nature and Healthy vs. Unhealthy Culture on
1. Present mainstream culture includes a practice of refusing to consider any alternative to the social institution of The State, aka Government. A common strawman argument against those discussing more than one way to solve a problem is to portray us as naive or as advocating violence.
2. I’m anti-revolution because I’m pro-evolution, meaning successful-anarchy/the-voluntary-society will first require a multi-generational cultural change. Present society isn’t ready for instant statelessness, but to say our species never will be is a non sequitur.
3. For the same reason, I’m not wholesale anti-military or anti-police; they’re individuals and like all groups of individuals, some are healthy towards the generic individual in society, and some are not.
3.a. The root cause of war is very small percentage of individuals who, as sociopaths, find it advantageous based on the assumption they as individuals won’t fall victim. In the future, those they prey upon will have the knowledge to raise children in a way that they don’t become sociopaths, and those few remaining sociopaths will be identified and cared for as insane rather than followed.
3.b. Just as present society isn’t ready for instant statelessness, so it’s not ready to be instantly devoid of military or police. Rather, the social institutions of large-scale defense and local law enforcement will transition over generations into some different form; probably more of a preventive than reactive nature. Present generations can speculate and possibly pass some ideas forward, but future generations will determine the exact what and how. The same applies to preventing government from rising again.
4. It took the western civilization abolitionists from the early 1700s to the early 1800s to change mainstream culture from accepting chattel slavery to abhorring it. Chattel slavery was abolished through laws enforced through violence. One-sided advances in weaponry since then mean violence won’t work against the state. However, as a parasite, it can be starved once enough people — especially military and police — understand what it is and what the alternatives are.
5. Presently the discussion of government’s true nature and its alternatives is just beginning. We’re where the abolitionist were in the 1600s; discussing and experimenting mostly among ourselves. However, our message may spread faster due to technologies in our favor.
6. Like science, alternatives to the state advance one generation at a time because the gatekeepers are invested in the status quo. Their weakness is they’re more invested in themselves than future generations. Another is they don’t produce wealth, they only transfer it. The social institution of the state is a parasite, and parasites can be starved.
7. Although I agree with the logic of anarcho-capitalism, I see no problem with multiple other systems existing side-by-side, as long as one doesn’t impose on another or on the individuals involved. Additionally, future generations may develop presently unknown better ideas and implementations.
8. A comment I got on Release One of this essay was “‘Present society isn’t ready’ is not a very convincing defense for moral violations……what does that have to do with my right to be free?” I wrote the above mini-essay based on people naysaying about the future, so that’s why I overlooked that point.
8.a. I may not be the best person to answer the question, but I am (in my unbiased view) a concise writer who writes as a part of his critical thinking process. I’ll title it something like “What are ‘Rights’ and How Can You and I Best Protect Ours’ Now?”
8.b. It will include some points from Ben Stone’s http://www.badquaker.com/archives/2551. The definition of rights also depends on the definition of what’s moral/immoral, and I’m also working on that mini-essay. When done, I’ll update this Release Two to Release Three with the links.
– Government in the context of the state differs from the concept of government in the context of an individual governing him or herself.
– Some are too impatient to consider multi-generational change as a strategy.
– An illusionary shortcut to multi-generational change is the idea of just getting the correct people into office. But any system depending on the benevolence of its office holders is a bad system.
Paragraph 2. – By “successful anarchy”, I don’t mean 100% perfect societies, I mean multiple social institutions to choose from being in total more successful than the social institution of the state. I assume our species doesn’t go extinct first; whether or not we do is probably about a 50-50.
Paragraph 3. – By the generic individual in society, I mean the smallest minority is the individual; that individual rights trump any alleged group rights.
Paragraph 7 – One misunderstanding about anarcho-capitalism is everything is for-profit. Wiki-type organizations, charity organizations, etc. are all within the original definition an-cap-ism; with the caveat that for-profits can choose to compete with charities or whatever other organization.
(Three short paragraphs plus endnotes, copyleft Peter Voluntaryistic Walker 5-18-2016)
1. The logical anarchist/voluntaryist perspective of IP law is its enforcement requires either a Government or people belonging to something like a dispute resolution organization (DRO) that recognizes IP — but many if not most anarchistic persons wouldn’t join a DRO recognizing IP. For such reasons, IP is a textbook case of the cure being worse than the disease. In a future voluntary society, open source contributors of value may not become hyper-rich like J. K. Rawling, but voluntary society future markets will no doubt create more and more sincere compensation methods.
2. The logical minarchist perspective of IP law is its advocates are one of a thousand or more special interests, each advocating Government get bigger and more invasive to special interest benefit at the expense of all others. But I didn’t sign any contract to respect anyone’s IP. Where Governments exist, alleged IP requires an alleged social contract — as does everything else about Government.
3. It’s impossible to know motives, only to speculate probable motives; in this case the writers of the US Constitution writing-in IP. I speculate they wanted to motivate the intellectual and technical development of a new country, but it’s more than speculation that since IP has become a big scam. For instance tons of tax dollars are poured into researching pharmaceuticals, and the research is handed over to insider corporations who perform very slight modifications so they can claim IP, overcharge, and keep new/outside competition out. IP is also a perfect excuse for the USA Government to violate the Bill of Rights, and for other Governments to follow suit.
“Voluntaryistic” – http://www.facebook.com/notes/peter-voluntaryist-walker/why-i-add-ic-to-three-hated-words/1241364789224672 aka http://www.petewalker.me/in-three-paragraphs-why-i-add-ic-to-three-hated-words/
– “Government” – I capitalize the word because I mean it in the context of the social institution of The State, i.e., Statolatry; i.e., the superstition people can delegate rights they don’t have.
– “future voluntary society” – Voluntary societies have and do exist, but to date depend on escaping notice by The State. I conclude we as a species are in a superstitious phase of our evolution, i.e., intersubjectivity, and phasing-out The State will require us to become an inter-objective species — if we don’t first become extinct.
Para 2. – “minarchist” – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minarchism
Para 3. – “For instance…” – Reference needed, I’ll keep my eyes open for one or more and update this mini-essay. I may have heard Noam Chomsky explain it. Future versions of this mini-essay may include references such as the cost of enforcement versus benefit to society, taxpayer paid research given for free to insiders who IP it, how authors got credit/paid prior to IP law, and how The State uses IP as an excuse to violate basic human rights.
Introduction: I observe *wisdom* is a word commonly used but meaning different things to different people and often, as in my former case, without a personal examination of what it means before one speaks it. When I was religious, I accepted the youth pastor’s definition of “Looking at things from God’s point of view”; but my former religiosity was based on childhood indoctrination — my false rather than true self. I now see the word *wisdom* as a fossil word left over from the superstitious phase of evolution we as a species are evolving out of if it doesn’t first cause us to go extinct. But fossil or not, it’s here and to get past the argument-from-authority fallacy, I and probably you need to take a closer look a wisdom’s meaning.
1. Wisdom: Onelook.com lists 32 dictionaries defining it. Of these, each has five or ten meanings depending on variables such as context. Of these 50 or 100 differently worded definitions, the one making the most sense to me is “The ability to make a decision based on the combination of knowledge, experience, and intuitive understanding” (http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/wisdom).
2. Folk Wisdom: Onelook.com lists one dictionary and one encyclopedia defining *folk wisdom*, but the encyclopedia changes the term to “folklore”; to me not the same meaning. Collins (http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/folk-wisdom) says “wisdom or beliefs associated with or traditional to the common people of a country”; but I partially disagree, preferring to say “specific group” rather than “country”, because a specific group could mean in a country, but could also mean other specified groups such as a religion or a social movement.
2.a. Folk wisdom is extremely common worldwide, but is in some places being reduced in quantity due to the rise of critical thinking enabled by the Internet; that is, traditional cultures widely discourage/hide critical thinking among their so-called “common people”, while the Internet makes it increasingly available.
2.b. I sometimes blend critical thinking with folk wisdom because there’s not enough time to think-out everything from scratch, and I thus find *some* folk wisdom to be the result of well performed trial-and-error. An example is the folk wisdom acronym HALTS common among addiction recovery groups, meaning “Don’t get too Hungry, Angry, Lonely, Tired, or Stressed”. Looking back on my personal history of chronic relapsing (mainstream cultures are the parent addiction and others are really subaddictions), everytime I did it was one or more of the HALTS warnings — but not exactly. Anger wasn’t the only emotion triggering me, so I remember HALTS because that’s what I first learned, but to me it’s HELTS internally. Also, to me the “L” and “S” mean not meeting with people successful in recovery, because all my relapses have had a lack of these meetings; i.e., it’s the quality not quantity of people I have around me.
Title and Introduction – “Wisdom” – I often use two asterisks (*…*) to show italics because I prefer to publish in plain text whenever possible; I also sometimes use quotation marks rather than asterisks in cases such as a title.
Paragraph 1. – “…intuitive understanding.” – “Opinions are substitutes for conclusions; sometimes for healthy reasons but more often for unhealthy reasons. A textbook case of a good reason is a military radar operator needing to determine whether a set of blips are friendly or foe, and not having enough time to think-out a conclusion. This occurred in the Gulf War of the 1990s and the operator decided the blips were foe based on his gut feeling. It turned out they were missiles and he was a hero for having them shot down; but if they would have been friendly fighter planes he probably would’ve been court-martialed for the rest of his life. He was well aware of this when making his decision. Afterwards the US Navy thoroughly investigated his decision and came to the conclusion that the operator’s subconscious detected a difference between the blip patterns of missiles and fighter planes that his conscious couldn’t because the subconscious operates approximately seven thousand times faster than the conscious. Professional opinions such as those from doctors and lawyers are called opinions because of the role their gut plays combined with their knowledge and information resources. A textbook case of a bad opinion is to echo what someone else says because the opinion holder is emotionally/mentally lazy or inadequate. Thus the definition of a nonemergency/nonprofessional opinion is a decision based not on thinking or information, but on emotional/mental processing of concepts according to indoctrination. I’m presently not a professional anything and therefore only have opinions in emergencies.” – My Mini-Essay http://thugsinsuits.com/the-difference-between-a-conclusion-and-an-opinion/ aka http://www.facebook.com/notes/peter-voluntaryist-walker/the-difference-between-a-conclusion-and-an-opinion/823241497703672.
– “…mainstream cultures are the parent addiction…” – http://www.aara2.me/brainbinding/ aka http://www.facebook.com/notes/peter-voluntaryist-walker/brainbinding-how-mainstream-cultures-are-the-parent-addiction-and-others-are-rea/1265306576830493
– “…Stressed” – http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/emotional-support.aspx
(Revision Three, copyleft 6-16-2016 by Peter Voluntaryistic Walker)
“Learn from everyone, but follow no one.” (author unknown)
1. By Man’s Inhumanity to Man I mean the gap between our species’ present overall low quality of life and the life we could have were it not for toxic culture; especially the overlapping social institutions of superstition and politics.
1.a. Superstition is most obvious as the world’s larger religious followings each claiming theirs’ is the only nonsuperstitious one. Superstitious culture also means to believe unproven or disproven concepts are true for illogical reasons such as a concept being repeated to the point of subconscious acceptance, or to the point of it being sacred. An example is believing the social institution of government/The State has no alternative for solving social problems. My essays/FB Notes “Examples of Successful Anarchy in History” and “Definitions of the Word Government” further address this and the concepts in the next paragraph.
1.b. The social institution of The State has and does abuse its monopoly status. From 1900 to 2000, governments democided over a quarter of a billion people, incarcerated and tortured millions more, practiced eugenics and involuntary medical experimentation, and caused tens of thousands to unnecessarily die daily from disease and starvation. The institutionalized inhumanity continues under ever more creative forms of fraud. (http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/20TH.HTM) 1.c. Inhumanity also occurs as individual psychopathy, but toxic culture helps creates many more psychopaths than would otherwise occur, and government/The State, a social institution legitimized to initiate violence, attracts them as members and exponentially multiplies their capabilities. Such political problems have lead to replacing old regimes with new ones, only to find the new to be another version of the old. Regimes are symptoms, not root causes or solutions. (I discuss root cause several paragraphs from now. Also see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evil_Genes and my essay/ FB Note about culture “How Concepts Versus Instances Separate Free and Unfree Minds”)
2. A, if not the, primary obstacle to problem solving is parochialism.
2.a. A textbook example is Europe taking from the 10th to the 17th century to convert from Roman to Arabic numerals as the standard number system. Some causes of the delay were natural, such as the illiterate and isolated nature of medieval times. But even if we discount for natural cause, artificial cause remains as hundreds of years. The artificial cause was a culture of extreme resistance to change. It included cultural exceptionalism, worship of the past, and other superstitions such as believing the number zero stood for The Devil.
2.b. Present forms of parochialism are much stealthier but equally status quo preserving. A typical example is to not talk politics, religion, or money in polite company. Upon closer examination, intelligently discussing such issues questions status quo comfort zones and challenges people to think rather than process concepts according to instructions from mainstream media and other pseudo intellectual sources (discussed more in detail in my essay/FB Note “Court and Other Pseudo Intellectuals”). Intelligently discussing such issues also provides the human brain with exercise and thus counters the mainstream culture trend of dumbing it down.
2.c. The opposite of parochialism: “Eclecticism is a conceptual approach that does not hold rigidly to a single paradigm or set of assumptions, but instead draws upon multiple theories, styles, or ideas to gain complementary insights into a subject, or applies different theories in particular cases… Eclecticism was first recorded to have been practiced by a group of ancient Greek and Roman philosophers who attached themselves to no real system, but selected from existing philosophical beliefs those doctrines that seemed most reasonable to them. Out of this collected material they constructed their new system of philosophy” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclecticism as of 09-15-2013). Thus eclecticism is key to problem solving because it’s unproductive to ignore knowledge for secondary reasons such as differing political orientations within a team of researchers.
3. Root cause:
3.a. Effective problem solving address root cause, meaning that cause that when removed results in the problem stopping and not repeating. An example is pulling up weeds by their roots rather than mowing, which only addresses symptoms. The root cause concept would be simple if life wasn’t messy. But removing a cause may reveal deeper causes, a removed cause may return, some solutions create new problems, etc. There may be no such thing as a 100% solved problem, but many can be mitigated to almost 100%; others at least to a much less problematic state.
3.b. Inhumanity has multiple causes at the root level, beginning with miscommunication. People can’t accurately communicate to solve problems if they don’t first discard euphemisms and agree upon the meaning of key discussion terms. Science partially addresses this problem by using Latin for key terms such as status quo. As a dead language, Latin’s meanings don’t change over time, differ from person to person, or have widely varying contextual meanings the way living language words do (e.g. anarchist, capitalist, terrorist, and freedom fighter). 3.c. The scientific method further guards communication among scientists because it’s an agreed-upon protocol enabling those from differing individual/cultural/linguistic backgrounds to coordinate problem solving. A prominent example is Jonas Salk discovering the polio vaccine, then other scientists coordinating to test it and improve its manufacture and distribution. The scientifically arrived at facts trumped personal and cultural tangents such as emotions, opinions, and doctrine/dogma/policy. 3.d. The polio problem fits the second of the three core problem categories: Simple, complex, and issues. The weeds problem is relatively simple. The polio vaccine problem is complex, but not an issue because there are little to no personal or cultural clashes resisting solutions. A textbook example of an issue is the moral and legal details of abortion. 3.e. The scientific method can solve most if not all simple and complex problems, but issues include abstractions such as morality, the meaning of life, spirituality, religion, and the interpretation of history/current events. The scientific method is a subset of philosophy’s branch of logic, but solving/mitigating issues requires philosophy’s full scope. Its other branches are metaphysics, epistemology (the nature of knowledge), ethics (moral and political philosophy), aesthetics, and specialized branches such as language. (The specialized branches are each subcategories or subcategory combinations of the other branches, but are specialized in as if each were a branch. I use the acronym MEELAS to remember the branches).
3.f. Philosophy isn’t as complicated or sanctimonious as mainstream culture presents it, and is better learned through eclectic independent research than second hand regurgitation. A primary agenda of cradle-to-grave government approved schooling and media is filter first principles from the individual. Status quo threatening subject areas such as philosophy, history/current events, and economics are presented in their perverted doctrinal forms. Schooled victims typically conclude such subjects are irrelevant and boring, to be put aside once tests are passed. Thus public schooling is to education what sawdust is to bread. 3.g. The social institution of democide (death by government) illustrates the nonproblem side of issues. That is, democide is a problem for most but not all people. Where preventing polio was a 99% win-win event, democide is a win-lose event where large numbers of perpetrators and accomplices reap huge wealth and personal gratification. 3.h. When attempting to communicate about solving issues, those with an opposing agenda usually begin their coercion with linguistic fraud, aka sophistry. Explanations and examples are available in sources such as http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophism and https://bookofbadarguments.com/, so I’ll simply relate such sources to the polio vaccine example of scientifically arrived at facts trumping personal and cultural tangents, and add that once sophism enters a discussion, you know an agenda other than win-win problem solving is present. 4. The five core types of solutions: Quarantine, contain, repair, regrade, and scrap.
4.a. Identification of these five originated in the science of manufacturing, but I conclude they also apply to personal and social problems. The main difference is whether or not an issue such as war is recognized as a problem that can be solved. 4.b. To quarantine is to buy time by isolating previously created problems so they don’t do further damage, and decide on further action later.
4.c. To contain is to stop production so new problems aren’t created; similar to “Do no further harm.”
4.d. To repair is to correct the problem source so production can continue; it can include repairing earlier created problematic product.
4.e. To regrade is to re-identify a problematic product for a use where the problem is irrelevant.
4.f. To scrap is to discard, and can apply to problematic systems and products. These core solution types can be mixed and matched as needed, an eclectic approach. (These explanations may differ from others’, but any such criticism is a tangent unless terms need to be clarified within a group problem solvers.)
5. Problem solving techniques such as the Pareto Principal and methodologies of how to sequence and apply them such as the Shewhart Cycle of plan-do-check-act-repeat, the scientific method, etc., are widely available on the Internet. Presently the most basic/universal problem-solving model has the core steps identify, contain, analyze, determine, implement, monitor, and continually improve (example section 8.5 of http://asq.org/2010/06/iso-9000/sample-quality-manual-service.doc also at http://www.petewalker.me/blast-from-the-past-example-of-my-former-life-in-the-qa-field/).
6. The points I’ve attempted to make in paragraphs 1. through 4. go against present mainstream culture and thus are nongeneric. I wrote this essay to help move towards the day when they will be generic.
This essay/mini-essay posted at http://thugsinsuits.com/problem-solving-101-versus-mans-inhumanity-to-man/ and https://www.facebook.com/notes/peter-voluntaryist-walker/problem-solving-101-versus-mans-inhumanity-to-man/736337819727374
(About six paragraphs with endnotes, Revision Two copyleft 4-27-2016 by Peter Voluntaryistic Walker)
History is very much like a routine fender-bender with several witnesses who mostly provide honest but nonetheless conflicting narratives; with the seldom but occasionally dishonest alleged witnesses further muddying the water. I so far conclude the JFK assassination incident had an unusual amount of dishonest witnesses in USA government employ:
1. November 22, 1963, I was ten years old, it was a school day, and in those days a typical USA kid such as myself could go home for lunch; in my case a quarter-mile. I was returning to school and walked up to the intersection of Maple Avenue and Main Street in Downers Grove, Illinois, a town at that time (but no longer) was very much like Mayberry RFD. The crossing guard said, to honestly recall and quote/paraphrase to the best of my memory, “President Kennedy has been shot”. He seemed to be in a state of confusion and when us several kids asked questions, he kept saying “I don’t know, I don’t know.” Us group of kids walked to our classes and I can only speak for what happened next in my class.
2. I took my seat among about fifteen other economically very well-off kids who also demonstrated shock with their unprecedented silence. Our teacher was Miss Sealy and the principal Miss Moorehead who walked into our room and told us JFK was dead. All of our demeanors demonstrated shock and reverence.
3. Eleven years later I entered USAF basic military training (BMT). I earned a marksmanship ribbon even though I had never used a firearm until that M-16 — I simply followed instructions very well with an accurate piece of technology: “During the actual firing, you’ll fire a total of 80 rounds at a man-sized target (upper body only) at ranges from 75 meters to 300 meters… The range at Lackland is a short range … the target sizes are shrunk to represent the proper sizes at the specified distances (75 meters, 175 meters, and 300 meters)” – http://www.military.com/join-armed-forces/air-force-rifle-qualification-course.html.
4. In 2015 I didn’t plan to visit the site of the JFK assassination, but my Greyhound bus had a two-hour layover just down the street and I walked there. Remembering BMT, I immediately recognized the School Book Depository as an ideal sniper’s nest and was surprised at how close the School Book Depository was to a POTUS riding in an open-top car — *directly underneath* with tons of documentation the building was never cleared prior to the POTUS procession — something even a person with no more education than BMT would demand: In commonplace military training/real-world jargon, “Why haven’t you cleared that nest yet you dumbasses!!!”
5. Free Speech and The Establishment: Between now and curve balls such as martial law, I can within reason express free speech as long as I remain a small fish; but no way I can recount my personal JFK experiences in any more public forum without getting ad-hommed. Nonetheless, I reflect that during my twenty-so years in the USAF including multi-service and multi-national-military assignments, almost every military member discretely discussed smelling a rat in the JFK incident but knew what to keep extremely low-level about — that is, when we knew what was good for us. Ditto my fifteen-so years as a public school teacher. Today I’m ashamed of much of the above and can only do my best to make restitution to my Bill of Rights oath.
Opening paragraph – “I so far conclude…” – http://www.petewalker.me/the-difference-between-a-conclusion-and-an-opinion/
Paragraph 1. – Mayberry RFD – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayberry_R.F.D.
Paragraph 3 – BMT – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recruit_training
Paragraph 4 graphics – The graphic with the annotations inserted reflect the Warren Commission’s version of events; nonetheless, the route shown is historically valid and verifiable.
– The Establishment: “…tons of documentation the building was never cleared prior to the POTUS procession…” – The fact the Warren Commission had the opportunity to blame a sniper in the building is empirical evidence; additionally, where are the government personnel witnessing they cleared it(?), and there’s http://thugsinsuits.com/wp-content/uploads/docs-pdfs-etc//The-Secret-Team-By-Fletcher-Prouty.pdf. Also, what a coincidence the person JFK fired from being the head of the CIA was appointed to head the Warren Commission, etc., etc.
– “…Bill of Rights…” – http://www.theguardian.com/world/us-news-blog/2013/mar/08/john-brennan-constitution-bill-of-rights is about a government official swearing an oath using *the draft* USA Constitution, not *the* USA Constitution. *The* USA Constitution was and to me remains conditional on the BoR being followed; this doesn’t mean my oath has an expiration date or that if I’m officially or unofficially reactivated into the military or whatever that I won’t defend; but it does mean I won’t exclude the BoR from my actions/inactions, including *the original* interpretation of the Second Amendment, not the neolib/neocon one that says “…the right of the people to keep and bear arms…” means only in armories controlled by ruling elites — it says “bear”, duh!